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400 ESL GRE Vocabulary

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This vocabulary is very popular in online GRE preparation and practice resources. We maintained them with definitions and examples with new materials. In addition, we offer explanations in 20 languages to help ESL (English as Second language) test takers to study GRE vocabulary.


abate:
/ə'beɪt/ v. Syn. subside; decrease; lessen
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

aberrant:
/æ'bɛrənt/ n. Syn. abnormal; deviant
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire experiment.

abeyance:
/ə'beɪəns/ n. Syn. suspension
suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension
The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

abnegate:
/'æbnɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. renounce
give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
After his retirement, the former police commissioner found it difficult to abnegate authority.

abscond:
/æb'skɒnd/ v.
leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
The teller who did abscond with the bonds went un-captured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted.".

abstain:
/əb'steɪn/ v. Syn. refrain
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking while he trained for the race.

accolade:
/'ækəleɪd/ n. Syn. praise
award of merit; expression of approval; praise
In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade.

accretion:
/ə'kri:ʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. growth; increase
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
The accretion of wealth marked the family's rise in power.

acumen:
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political acumen is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.

admonish:
/əd'mɒnɪʃ/ v. Syn. warn; reprove
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
I would again admonish the reader carefully to consider the nature of our doctrine.

adroit:
/ə'drɔɪt/ a. Syn. skillful; dexterous
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
I should work in adroit references to this evening's speeches.

adulterate:
/ə'dʌltəreɪt/ v.
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.

adumbrate:
/'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade
give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
Her constant complaining about the job would adumbrate her intent to leave.

advocate:
/'ædvəkət/ v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
The some doctors advocate a smoking ban in the entire house.

aesthetic:
/i:s'θɛtɪk/ a. Syn. artistic; elegant
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
Kenneth Cole, the American designer known for his modern, urban aesthetic, is hawking $35 T-shirts.

aggrandize:
/ə'grændaɪz/ v. Syn. increase; intensify
increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize his power to act aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of Congress.

alacrity:
/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.

alloy:
/ə'lɔɪ/ v. Syn. combine; mix
combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
Our concern for Dwight Gooden, who injured his pitching arm in the game, will alloy our delight at the Yankees' victory.

amalgamate:
/ə'mælgəmeɪt/ v. Syn. combine; mix
combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury
The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.

ambiguity:
/æmbɪ'gju:ɪtɪ/ n.
state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
This ambiguity is also becoming part of US policy toward Israel, we all have to guess the next step.

ambiguous:
/æm'bɪgjʊəs/ a.
unclear or doubtful in meaning
His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.

ambivalence:
/æm'bɪvələns/ n.
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the ambivalence of her feelings.

ameliorate:
/ə'mi:lɪəreɪt/ v. Syn. improve
make or become better; improve; grow better
Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums.

amenable:
/ə'mi:nəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to.

anathema:
/ə'næθəmə/ n.
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.

anodyne:
/'ænoʊdaɪn/ n.
source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain
The sound of classical music is usually just anodyne I need after a tough day at work.

anomalous:
/ə'nɒmələs/ a. Syn. abnormal; irregular
deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule
He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures which he despised.

anomaly:
/ə'nɒməlɪ/ n. Syn. irregularity
irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
No doubt, this anomaly is the result of the uncertain international environment and high interest rates.

antagonism:
/æn'tægənɪz(ə)m/ n. Syn. hostility; enmity
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
Barry showed his antagonism toward his new stepmother by ignoring her whenever she tried talking to him.

antipathy:
/æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.

apathy:
/'æpəθɪ/ n. Syn. indifference
lack of caring; indifference
A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote.

apocryphal:
/ə'pɒkrɪf(ə)l/ a. Syn. untrue
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.

apostate:
/ə'pɒsteɪt/ n.
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an apostate.

apotheosis:
/əpɒθɪ'oʊsɪs/ n.
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
The apotheosis of a Roman emperor was designed to insure his eternal greatness: people would worship at his altar forever.

appease:
/ə'pi:z/ v. Syn. relieve; pacify
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
Tom and Jody tried to appease the crying baby by offering him one toy after another, but he would not calm down.

apposite:
/'æpəzɪt/ a. Syn. appropriate; relevant
strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
He was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.

apprise:
/ə'praɪz/ v. Syn. inform
inform; give notice to; make aware
If you apprise him the dangerous weather conditions, he has to postpone his trip.

approbation:
/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
expression of warm approval; praise
She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.

appropriate:
/ə'proʊprɪət/ v. Syn. acquire; allocate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
The ranch owners appropriate the lands that have originally been set aside for the Indians' use.

arcane:
/ɑr'keɪn/ a. Syn. secret; mysterious
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Secret brotherhoods surround themselves with arcane rituals and trappings to mystify outsiders.

archaic:
/ɑr'keiɪk/ a. Syn. antiquated
no longer current or applicable; antiquated
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.

arduous:
/'ɑrdjʊəs/;/'ɑrdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. hard; strenuous
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy.

arrest:
/ə'rɛst/ v.
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
The trapeze artists plunge from the heights until a safety net luckily arrest their fall.

articulate:
/ɑr'tɪkjʊlət/ a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.

artless:
/'ɑrtlɪs/ a. Syn. naive
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Sophisticated and cynical, Jack could not believe Jill was as artless and naive as she appeared to be.

ascetic:
/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.

asperity:
/æ'spɛrɪtɪ/ n.
sharpness of temper; roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate
These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.

assiduous:
/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.

assuage:
/ə'sweɪdʒ/ v. Syn. relieve
ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
Jilted by Jane, Dick tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in ice cream.

astringent:
/ə'strɪndʒənt/ a. Syn. austere
causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
The juice from the last pressing being very dark and astringent, is put with the inferior wine.

attenuate:
/ə'tɛnjʊeɪt/ v. Syn. weaken
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.

audacious:
/ɔ:'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. brave; bold
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious, death defying leap to freedom, escaping Darth Vader's troops.

augury:
/'ɔ:gjʊrɪ/ n. Syn. omen; prophecy
sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
He interpreted the departure of the birds as an augury of evil.

august:
/ɔ:'gʌst/ a. Syn. impressive; majestic; grand
impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
Visiting the palace at Versailles, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself.

auspicious:
/ɔ:'spɪʃəs/ a. Syn. propitious
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.

austere:
/ɒ'stɪə(r)/ a.
strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented
The headmaster's austere demeanor tended to scare off the more timid students, who never visited his study willingly.

avarice:
/'ævərɪs/ n.
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
King Midas is a perfect example of avarice, for he was so greedy that he wished everything he touched would turn to gold.

aver:
/ə'vɜr(r)/ v. Syn. affirm
declare to be true; affirm
The witnesses aver that he was holding a gun.

axiom:
/'æksɪəm/ n.
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain principle or axiom.

baleful:
/'beɪlfʊl/ a. Syn. deadly; ominous
portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
The fortune teller made baleful predictions of terrible things to come.

banal:
/bə'nɑrl/;/'beɪnl/ a. Syn. dull; commonplace; trite
obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
The writer made his comic sketch seem banal, only a few people liked it.

bane:
/beɪn/ n. Syn. curse
something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
Lucy's little brother was the bane of her existence: his attempts to make her life miserable worked so well that she could have poisoned him.

bedizen:
/bɪ'dɪz(ə)n/ v.
ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
We usually bedizen witch doctors in all their gaudiest costumes.

belie:
/bɪ'laɪ/ v. Syn. contradict
contradict; give a false impression
His coarse, hard-bitten exterior does belie his inner sensitivity.

benign:
/bɪ'naɪn/ a. Syn. kindly; favorable
kindly; favorable; not malignant
Though her benign smile and gentle bearing made Miss Marple seem a sweet little old lady, in reality she was a tough-minded lady.

bent:
/bɛnt/ a.
determined to do or have
We are bent on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is.

blithe:
/blaɪð/ a. Syn. gay; joyous; heedless
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Shelley called the skylark a "blithe spirit" because of its happy song.

boisterous:
/'bɔɪstərəs/ a. Syn. violent; rough; noisy
rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
The unruly crowd became even more boisterous when he tried to quiet them.

bolster:
/'boʊlstə(r)/ v. Syn. support; reinforce
support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion
The debaters amassed file boxes full of evidence to bolster their arguments.

bombastic:
/bɒm'bæstɪk/ a. Syn. pompous
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
The biggest military power on Earth was acting belligerent and its president was indulging in bombastic nationalistic grandstanding.

burgeon:
/'bɜrdʒ(ə)n/ v. Syn. thrive; mushroom
grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
In the spring, the plants that burgeon are a promise of the beauty to come.

burnish:
/'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
I burnish the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight.

buttress:
/'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to buttress his weak case.

cacophonous:
/kə'kɒfənəs/ a. Syn. discordant; inharmonious
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket.

capricious:
/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.

castigate:
/'kæstɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. punish
criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
When the teacher threatened that she would castigate the mischievous boys if they didn't behave, they shaped up in a hurry.

catalyst:
/'kætəlɪst/ n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Many chemical reactions cannot take place without the presence of a catalyst.

caustic:
/'kɔ:stɪk/ a.
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were the subjects of his sarcasm.

chicanery:
/ʃɪ'keɪnərɪ/ n. Syn. trickery; deception
mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred, made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors, and in general depended on chicanery to win the case.

churlish:
/'tʃɜrlɪʃ/ a. Syn. boorish; rude
difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
Dismayed by his churlish behaviors at the party, the girls vowed never to invite him again.

cogent:
/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.

complaisant:
/kəm'pleɪzənt/ a. Syn. obliging
trying to please; showing cheerful willingness to do favors for others
The courtier obeyed the king's orders in a complaisant manner.

confound:
/kən'faʊnd/ v. Syn. confuse; puzzle
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
I developed an elaborate color scheme to help us pluck just the right card at that special moment to confound the opposing pair of debaters.

connoisseur:
/kɒnə'sɜr(r)/ n. Syn. specialist; expert
specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
A literature professor by training and a self-taught art connoisseur, Charles Ryskamp served three decades as director first of the Pierpont Morgan Library.

contentious:
/kən'tɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. quarrelsome; disagreeable
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
The contentious gentleman in the bar ridiculed anything anyone said.

convoluted:
/'kɒnvəlutɪd/ a. Syn. intricate
coiled around; highly involved; intricate
His argument was so convoluted that few of us could follow it intelligently.

corroborate:
/kə'rɒbəreɪt/ v. Syn. confirm; support
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Though Huck was quite willing to corroborate Tom's story, Aunt Polly knew better than to believe either of them.

countenance:
/'kaʊntɪnəns/ v. Syn. approve; tolerate
give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve
He refused to countenance such rude behavior on their part.

credulous:
/'krɛdjʊləs/;/'krɛdʒələs/ a.
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
They are credulous people who believe in the advertisement.

daunt:
/dɔ:nt/ v. Syn. intimidate; frighten; dismay
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Other northern employers were shocked that ex-slaves refused to work in conditions that would not daunt a farmer in the North.

dearth:
/dɜrθ/ n. Syn. scarcity
scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops
The dearth of skilled labor compelled the employers to open trade schools.

decorum:
/dɪ'kɔ:rəm/ n.
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
Keeping public decorum is an important factor in media credibility.

deference:
/'dɛfərəns/ n. Syn. respect
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
In deference to the minister's request, please do not take photographs during the wedding service.

deleterious:
/dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful
having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
If you believe that smoking is deleterious to your health, then quit!.

demur:
/dɪ'mɜr(r)/ v. Syn. hesitate
object because of doubts; hesitate
When offered a post on the board of directors, David had to demur: he had scruples about taking on the job because he was unsure he could handle it.

denigrate:
/'dɛnɪgreɪt/ v. Syn. blacken; defame; belittle
blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade
All attempts to denigrate the character of our late president have failed; the people still love him and cherish his memory.

deprecate:
/'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must deprecate the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names.

depredation:
/dɛprɪ'deɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. plundering
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
After the depredation of invaders, the people were penniless.

deride:
/dɪ'raɪd/ v. Syn. ridicule
ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
The critics deride his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously.

derivative:
/dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ a. Syn. unoriginal
unoriginal; derived from another source
Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature, the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice.

 Single Choice Exercise

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abate
Exercise
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
Exercise
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Exercise
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
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criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
aberrant
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establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
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capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
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abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
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expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
abeyance
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specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
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greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
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suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension
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pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
abnegate
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active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
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give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
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having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
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portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
abscond
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declare to be true; affirm
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growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
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state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
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leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
abstain
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no longer current or applicable; antiquated
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make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
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refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
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rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
accolade
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award of merit; expression of approval; praise
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quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
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rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
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no longer current or applicable; antiquated
accretion
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solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
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difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
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growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
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fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
acumen
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support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
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discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
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propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
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mental keenness; quickness of perception
admonish
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warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
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make or become better; improve; grow better
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gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
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fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
adroit
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skillful and adept under pressing conditions
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gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
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mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
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untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
adulterate
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apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
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strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
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rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
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make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
adumbrate
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frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
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refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
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give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
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portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
advocate
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express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
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pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
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speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
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make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
aesthetic
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criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
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irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
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increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
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elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
aggrandize
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increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
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irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
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fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
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strong feeling of aversion; dislike
alacrity
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pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
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cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
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kindly; favorable; not malignant
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leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
alloy
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increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
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elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
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combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
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quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
amalgamate
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greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
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propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
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combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury
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make or become better; improve; grow better
ambiguity
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irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
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demanding great effort or labor; difficult
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sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
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state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
ambiguous
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unclear or doubtful in meaning
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attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
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fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
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active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
ambivalence
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make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
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state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
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something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
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make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
ameliorate
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make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
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something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
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combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
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make or become better; improve; grow better
amenable
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responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
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deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule
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bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
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demanding great effort or labor; difficult
anathema
Exercise
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
Exercise
sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Exercise
criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
anodyne
Exercise
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
Exercise
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
Exercise
source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain
Exercise
give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
anomalous
Exercise
deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule
Exercise
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Exercise
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
Exercise
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
anomaly
Exercise
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
Exercise
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Exercise
irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
Exercise
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
antagonism
Exercise
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Exercise
give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve
Exercise
make or become better; improve; grow better
Exercise
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antipathy
Exercise
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Exercise
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
Exercise
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
apathy
Exercise
lack of caring; indifference
Exercise
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
Exercise
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
apocryphal
Exercise
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Exercise
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
Exercise
no longer current or applicable; antiquated
Exercise
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
apostate
Exercise
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Exercise
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
Exercise
declare to be true; affirm
Exercise
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
apotheosis
Exercise
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
Exercise
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
Exercise
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
Exercise
determined to do or have
appease
Exercise
determined to do or have
Exercise
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Exercise
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
Exercise
declare to be true; affirm
apposite
Exercise
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
Exercise
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
Exercise
strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
Exercise
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
apprise
Exercise
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
Exercise
inform; give notice to; make aware
Exercise
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
approbation
Exercise
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Exercise
expression of warm approval; praise
Exercise
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
Exercise
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
appropriate
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
Exercise
lack of caring; indifference
Exercise
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
Exercise
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
arcane
Exercise
deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule
Exercise
blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade
Exercise
irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
archaic
Exercise
no longer current or applicable; antiquated
Exercise
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
Exercise
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
arduous
Exercise
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
Exercise
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
Exercise
causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
Exercise
ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
arrest
Exercise
ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
Exercise
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
articulate
Exercise
increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
Exercise
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Exercise
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artless
Exercise
specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
ascetic
Exercise
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Exercise
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
Exercise
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
asperity
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
Exercise
sharpness of temper; roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate
Exercise
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
Exercise
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
assiduous
Exercise
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
Exercise
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
assuage
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
Exercise
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
Exercise
make or become better; improve; grow better
astringent
Exercise
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
Exercise
source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain
Exercise
causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
attenuate
Exercise
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
Exercise
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
Exercise
combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury
audacious
Exercise
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
Exercise
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
Exercise
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
augury
Exercise
sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
Exercise
make or become better; improve; grow better
Exercise
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Exercise
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
august
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Exercise
impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
Exercise
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
auspicious
Exercise
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
Exercise
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
Exercise
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
Exercise
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
austere
Exercise
strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
Exercise
strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
avarice
Exercise
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Exercise
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
Exercise
give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
Exercise
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
aver
Exercise
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
Exercise
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Exercise
declare to be true; affirm
axiom
Exercise
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
Exercise
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Exercise
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
baleful
Exercise
difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
Exercise
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
Exercise
inform; give notice to; make aware
Exercise
portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
banal
Exercise
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
Exercise
impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
Exercise
obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
bane
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
Exercise
something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
Exercise
leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
Exercise
contradict; give a false impression
bedizen
Exercise
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
Exercise
coiled around; highly involved; intricate
Exercise
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
Exercise
ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
belie
Exercise
contradict; give a false impression
Exercise
unclear or doubtful in meaning
Exercise
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
benign
Exercise
reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
Exercise
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
Exercise
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
bent
Exercise
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
Exercise
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
Exercise
mental keenness; quickness of perception
Exercise
determined to do or have
blithe
Exercise
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Exercise
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Exercise
mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
Exercise
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
boisterous
Exercise
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
Exercise
rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
Exercise
inform; give notice to; make aware
Exercise
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
bolster
Exercise
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
Exercise
support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion
Exercise
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Exercise
give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
bombastic
Exercise
blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade
Exercise
state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
burgeon
Exercise
object because of doubts; hesitate
Exercise
ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
Exercise
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Exercise
grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
burnish
Exercise
declare to be true; affirm
Exercise
portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
Exercise
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
buttress
Exercise
specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
Exercise
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Exercise
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
Exercise
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
cacophonous
Exercise
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
Exercise
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
capricious
Exercise
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
Exercise
make or become better; improve; grow better
castigate
Exercise
give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
Exercise
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
Exercise
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
Exercise
criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
catalyst
Exercise
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
caustic
Exercise
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
Exercise
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
Exercise
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
Exercise
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
chicanery
Exercise
obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
Exercise
lack of caring; indifference
churlish
Exercise
suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension
Exercise
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
Exercise
difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
Exercise
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
cogent
Exercise
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
Exercise
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Exercise
something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
Exercise
reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
complaisant
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
Exercise
trying to please; showing cheerful willingness to do favors for others
Exercise
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
confound
Exercise
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
Exercise
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
connoisseur
Exercise
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
Exercise
state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
Exercise
specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
Exercise
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
contentious
Exercise
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
Exercise
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
convoluted
Exercise
coiled around; highly involved; intricate
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Exercise
ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
Exercise
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
corroborate
Exercise
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Exercise
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Exercise
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
Exercise
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
countenance
Exercise
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Exercise
strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
Exercise
give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve
Exercise
lack of caring; indifference
credulous
Exercise
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
Exercise
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
Exercise
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
daunt
Exercise
contradict; give a false impression
Exercise
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Exercise
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
dearth
Exercise
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Exercise
scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops
Exercise
declare to be true; affirm
Exercise
mental keenness; quickness of perception
decorum
Exercise
give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
Exercise
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
Exercise
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
Exercise
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
deference
Exercise
obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
Exercise
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
Exercise
ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
Exercise
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
deleterious
Exercise
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
Exercise
trying to please; showing cheerful willingness to do favors for others
Exercise
having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
Exercise
expression of warm approval; praise
demur
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Exercise
rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
Exercise
object because of doubts; hesitate
denigrate
Exercise
leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
Exercise
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Exercise
blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade
Exercise
expression of warm approval; praise
deprecate
Exercise
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
Exercise
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Exercise
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
Exercise
kindly; favorable; not malignant
depredation
Exercise
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
Exercise
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
Exercise
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
Exercise
make or become better; improve; grow better
deride
Exercise
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
Exercise
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
Exercise
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
Exercise
ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
derivative
Exercise
portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
Exercise
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
Exercise
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Exercise
unoriginal; derived from another source

 Spelling Exercise

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/ə'beɪt/ v. Syn. subside; decrease; lessen
subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity
Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to [___].


Spelling Word: abate

/æ'bɛrənt/ n. Syn. abnormal; deviant
abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm
Given the [___] nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the entire experiment.


Spelling Word: aberrant

/ə'beɪəns/ n. Syn. suspension
suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension
The deal was held in [___] until her arrival.


Spelling Word: abeyance

/'æbnɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. renounce
give up or surrender; deny something to oneself
After his retirement, the former police commissioner found it difficult to [___] authority.


Spelling Word: abnegate

/æb'skɒnd/ v.
leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution
The teller who did [___] with the bonds went un-captured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most Wanted.".


Spelling Word: abscond

/əb'steɪn/ v. Syn. refrain
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to [___] from drinking while he trained for the race.


Spelling Word: abstain

/'ækəleɪd/ n. Syn. praise
award of merit; expression of approval; praise
In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest [___].


Spelling Word: accolade

/ə'kri:ʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. growth; increase
growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion
The [___] of wealth marked the family's rise in power.


Spelling Word: accretion

/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political [___] is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.


Spelling Word: acumen

/əd'mɒnɪʃ/ v. Syn. warn; reprove
warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided
I would again [___] the reader carefully to consider the nature of our doctrine.


Spelling Word: admonish

/ə'drɔɪt/ a. Syn. skillful; dexterous
skillful and adept under pressing conditions
I should work in [___] references to this evening's speeches.


Spelling Word: adroit

/ə'dʌltəreɪt/ v.
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
It is a crime to [___] foods without informing the buyer.


Spelling Word: adulterate

/'ædʌmbreɪt/ v. Syn. overshadow; shade
give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade
Her constant complaining about the job would [___] her intent to leave.


Spelling Word: adumbrate

/'ædvəkət/ v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
The some doctors [___] a smoking ban in the entire house.


Spelling Word: advocate

/i:s'θɛtɪk/ a. Syn. artistic; elegant
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
Kenneth Cole, the American designer known for his modern, urban [___], is hawking $35 T-shirts.


Spelling Word: aesthetic

/ə'grændaɪz/ v. Syn. increase; intensify
increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may [___] his power to act aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of Congress.


Spelling Word: aggrandize

/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with [___].


Spelling Word: alacrity

/ə'lɔɪ/ v. Syn. combine; mix
combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
Our concern for Dwight Gooden, who injured his pitching arm in the game, will [___] our delight at the Yankees' victory.


Spelling Word: alloy

/ə'mælgəmeɪt/ v. Syn. combine; mix
combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury
The unions will attempt to [___] their groups into one national body.


Spelling Word: amalgamate

/æmbɪ'gju:ɪtɪ/ n.
state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
This [___] is also becoming part of US policy toward Israel, we all have to guess the next step.


Spelling Word: ambiguity

/æm'bɪgjʊəs/ a.
unclear or doubtful in meaning
His [___] instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.


Spelling Word: ambiguous

/æm'bɪvələns/ n.
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the [___] of her feelings.


Spelling Word: ambivalence

/ə'mi:lɪəreɪt/ v. Syn. improve
make or become better; improve; grow better
Many social workers have attempted to [___] the conditions of people living in the slums.


Spelling Word: ameliorate

/ə'mi:nəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
He was [___] to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to.


Spelling Word: amenable

/ə'næθəmə/ n.
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
To the Ayatolla, America and the West were anathema; he loathed the democratic nations, cursing them in his dying words.


Spelling Word: anathema

/'ænoʊdaɪn/ n.
source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain
The sound of classical music is usually just [___] I need after a tough day at work.


Spelling Word: anodyne

/ə'nɒmələs/ a. Syn. abnormal; irregular
deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule
He was placed in the [___] position of seeming to approve procedures which he despised.


Spelling Word: anomalous

/ə'nɒməlɪ/ n. Syn. irregularity
irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order
No doubt, this [___] is the result of the uncertain international environment and high interest rates.


Spelling Word: anomaly

/æn'tægənɪz(ə)m/ n. Syn. hostility; enmity
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
Barry showed his [___] toward his new stepmother by ignoring her whenever she tried talking to him.


Spelling Word: antagonism

/æn'tɪpəθɪ/ n. Syn. aversion; dislike
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
Tom's extreme [___] for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife.


Spelling Word: antipathy

/'æpəθɪ/ n. Syn. indifference
lack of caring; indifference
A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the [___] of people who never bothered to vote.


Spelling Word: apathy

/ə'pɒkrɪf(ə)l/ a. Syn. untrue
untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
To impress his friends, Tom invented [___] tales of his adventures in the big city.


Spelling Word: apocryphal

/ə'pɒsteɪt/ n.
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an [___].


Spelling Word: apostate

/əpɒθɪ'oʊsɪs/ n.
elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
The [___] of a Roman emperor was designed to insure his eternal greatness: people would worship at his altar forever.


Spelling Word: apotheosis

/ə'pi:z/ v. Syn. relieve; pacify
bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
Tom and Jody tried to [___] the crying baby by offering him one toy after another, but he would not calm down.


Spelling Word: appease

/'æpəzɪt/ a. Syn. appropriate; relevant
strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
He was always able to find the [___] phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.


Spelling Word: apposite

/ə'praɪz/ v. Syn. inform
inform; give notice to; make aware
If you [___] him the dangerous weather conditions, he has to postpone his trip.


Spelling Word: apprise

/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
expression of warm approval; praise
She looked for some sign of [___] from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.


Spelling Word: approbation

/ə'proʊprɪət/ v. Syn. acquire; allocate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
The ranch owners [___] the lands that have originally been set aside for the Indians' use.


Spelling Word: appropriate

/ɑr'keɪn/ a. Syn. secret; mysterious
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
Secret brotherhoods surround themselves with [___] rituals and trappings to mystify outsiders.


Spelling Word: arcane

/ɑr'keiɪk/ a. Syn. antiquated
no longer current or applicable; antiquated
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are [___] words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.


Spelling Word: archaic

/'ɑrdjʊəs/;/'ɑrdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. hard; strenuous
demanding great effort or labor; difficult
Her [___] efforts had sapped her energy.


Spelling Word: arduous

/ə'rɛst/ v.
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody
The trapeze artists plunge from the heights until a safety net luckily [___] their fall.


Spelling Word: arrest

/ɑr'tɪkjʊlət/ a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
Her [___] presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.


Spelling Word: articulate

/'ɑrtlɪs/ a. Syn. naive
free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
Sophisticated and cynical, Jack could not believe Jill was as [___] and naive as she appeared to be.


Spelling Word: artless

/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, [___] life led by members of some monastic orders.


Spelling Word: ascetic

/æ'spɛrɪtɪ/ n.
sharpness of temper; roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate
These remarks, spoken with [___], stung the boys to whom they had been directed.


Spelling Word: asperity

/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
He was [___], working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.


Spelling Word: assiduous

/ə'sweɪdʒ/ v. Syn. relieve
ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
Jilted by Jane, Dick tried to [___] his heartache by indulging in ice cream.


Spelling Word: assuage

/ə'strɪndʒənt/ a. Syn. austere
causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
The juice from the last pressing being very dark and [___], is put with the inferior wine.


Spelling Word: astringent

/ə'tɛnjʊeɪt/ v. Syn. weaken
make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to [___] the enemy lines.


Spelling Word: attenuate

/ɔ:'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. brave; bold
fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their [___], death defying leap to freedom, escaping Darth Vader's troops.


Spelling Word: audacious

/'ɔ:gjʊrɪ/ n. Syn. omen; prophecy
sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
He interpreted the departure of the birds as an [___] of evil.


Spelling Word: augury

/ɔ:'gʌst/ a. Syn. impressive; majestic; grand
impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
Visiting the palace at Versailles, she was impressed by the [___] surroundings in which she found herself.


Spelling Word: august

/ɔ:'spɪʃəs/ a. Syn. propitious
attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
With favorable weather conditions, it was an [___] moment to set sail.


Spelling Word: auspicious

/ɒ'stɪə(r)/ a.
strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented
The headmaster's [___] demeanor tended to scare off the more timid students, who never visited his study willingly.


Spelling Word: austere

/'ævərɪs/ n.
greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
King Midas is a perfect example of [___], for he was so greedy that he wished everything he touched would turn to gold.


Spelling Word: avarice

/ə'vɜr(r)/ v. Syn. affirm
declare to be true; affirm
The witnesses [___] that he was holding a gun.


Spelling Word: aver

/'æksɪəm/ n.
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain principle or [___].


Spelling Word: axiom

/'beɪlfʊl/ a. Syn. deadly; ominous
portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
The fortune teller made [___] predictions of terrible things to come.


Spelling Word: baleful

/bə'nɑrl/;/'beɪnl/ a. Syn. dull; commonplace; trite
obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality
The writer made his comic sketch seem [___], only a few people liked it.


Spelling Word: banal

/beɪn/ n. Syn. curse
something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
Lucy's little brother was the [___] of her existence: his attempts to make her life miserable worked so well that she could have poisoned him.


Spelling Word: bane

/bɪ'dɪz(ə)n/ v.
ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
We usually [___] witch doctors in all their gaudiest costumes.


Spelling Word: bedizen

/bɪ'laɪ/ v. Syn. contradict
contradict; give a false impression
His coarse, hard-bitten exterior does [___] his inner sensitivity.


Spelling Word: belie

/bɪ'naɪn/ a. Syn. kindly; favorable
kindly; favorable; not malignant
Though her [___] smile and gentle bearing made Miss Marple seem a sweet little old lady, in reality she was a tough-minded lady.


Spelling Word: benign

/bɛnt/ a.
determined to do or have
We are [___] on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is.


Spelling Word: bent

/blaɪð/ a. Syn. gay; joyous; heedless
gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted
Shelley called the skylark a "blithe spirit" because of its happy song.


Spelling Word: blithe

/'bɔɪstərəs/ a. Syn. violent; rough; noisy
rough and stormy; loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline
The unruly crowd became even more [___] when he tried to quiet them.


Spelling Word: boisterous

/'boʊlstə(r)/ v. Syn. support; reinforce
support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion
The debaters amassed file boxes full of evidence to [___] their arguments.


Spelling Word: bolster

/bɒm'bæstɪk/ a. Syn. pompous
pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning
The biggest military power on Earth was acting belligerent and its president was indulging in [___] nationalistic grandstanding.


Spelling Word: bombastic

/'bɜrdʒ(ə)n/ v. Syn. thrive; mushroom
grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
In the spring, the plants that [___] are a promise of the beauty to come.


Spelling Word: burgeon

/'bɜrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. polish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
I [___] the brass fixtures until they reflect the lamplight.


Spelling Word: burnish

/'bʌtrɪs/ v. Syn. support
support physically; prop up; support something or someone by supplying evidence
The attorney came up with several far-fetched arguments in a vain attempt to [___] his weak case.


Spelling Word: buttress

/kə'kɒfənəs/ a. Syn. discordant; inharmonious
discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the [___] sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket.


Spelling Word: cacophonous

/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.


Spelling Word: capricious

/'kæstɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. punish
criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication
When the teacher threatened that she would [___] the mischievous boys if they didn't behave, they shaped up in a hurry.


Spelling Word: castigate

/'kætəlɪst/ n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Many chemical reactions cannot take place without the presence of a [___].


Spelling Word: catalyst

/'kɔ:stɪk/ a.
capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
The critic's [___] remarks angered the hapless actors who were the subjects of his sarcasm.


Spelling Word: caustic

/ʃɪ'keɪnərɪ/ n. Syn. trickery; deception
mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry
Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred, made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors, and in general depended on [___] to win the case.


Spelling Word: chicanery

/'tʃɜrlɪʃ/ a. Syn. boorish; rude
difficult to work with; rude; unyielding; unmanageable
Dismayed by his [___] behaviors at the party, the girls vowed never to invite him again.


Spelling Word: churlish

/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive
It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several [___] reasons for doing so, including a full-tuition scholarship.


Spelling Word: cogent

/kəm'pleɪzənt/ a. Syn. obliging
trying to please; showing cheerful willingness to do favors for others
The courtier obeyed the king's orders in a [___] manner.


Spelling Word: complaisant

/kən'faʊnd/ v. Syn. confuse; puzzle
cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up
I developed an elaborate color scheme to help us pluck just the right card at that special moment to [___] the opposing pair of debaters.


Spelling Word: confound

/kɒnə'sɜr(r)/ n. Syn. specialist; expert
specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts
A literature professor by training and a self-taught art [___], Charles Ryskamp served three decades as director first of the Pierpont Morgan Library.


Spelling Word: connoisseur

/kən'tɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. quarrelsome; disagreeable
quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy
The [___] gentleman in the bar ridiculed anything anyone said.


Spelling Word: contentious

/'kɒnvəlutɪd/ a. Syn. intricate
coiled around; highly involved; intricate
His argument was so [___] that few of us could follow it intelligently.


Spelling Word: convoluted

/kə'rɒbəreɪt/ v. Syn. confirm; support
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence
Though Huck was quite willing to [___] Tom's story, Aunt Polly knew better than to believe either of them.


Spelling Word: corroborate

/'kaʊntɪnəns/ v. Syn. approve; tolerate
give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve
He refused to [___] such rude behavior on their part.


Spelling Word: countenance

/'krɛdjʊləs/;/'krɛdʒələs/ a.
apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily
They are [___] people who believe in the advertisement.


Spelling Word: credulous

/dɔ:nt/ v. Syn. intimidate; frighten; dismay
frighten; abate the courage of; discourage
Other northern employers were shocked that ex-slaves refused to work in conditions that would not [___] a farmer in the North.


Spelling Word: daunt

/dɜrθ/ n. Syn. scarcity
scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops
The [___] of skilled labor compelled the employers to open trade schools.


Spelling Word: dearth

/dɪ'kɔ:rəm/ n.
propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior
Keeping public [___] is an important factor in media credibility.


Spelling Word: decorum

/'dɛfərəns/ n. Syn. respect
willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect
In [___] to the minister's request, please do not take photographs during the wedding service.


Spelling Word: deference

/dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful
having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
If you believe that smoking is [___] to your health, then quit!.


Spelling Word: deleterious

/dɪ'mɜr(r)/ v. Syn. hesitate
object because of doubts; hesitate
When offered a post on the board of directors, David had to demur: he had scruples about taking on the job because he was unsure he could handle it.


Spelling Word: demur

/'dɛnɪgreɪt/ v. Syn. blacken; defame; belittle
blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade
All attempts to [___] the character of our late president have failed; the people still love him and cherish his memory.


Spelling Word: denigrate

/'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post must [___] the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names.


Spelling Word: deprecate

/dɛprɪ'deɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. plundering
plundering; destructive action; predatory attack; damage or loss
After the [___] of invaders, the people were penniless.


Spelling Word: depredation

/dɪ'raɪd/ v. Syn. ridicule
ridicule; make fun of; laugh at with contempt
The critics [___] his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously.


Spelling Word: deride

/dɪ'rɪvətɪv/ a. Syn. unoriginal
unoriginal; derived from another source
Although her early poetry was clearly [___] in nature, the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice.


Spelling Word: derivative

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